Category: Appliances

Top 10 ways to save more money when buying new appliances

How to be a wise appliance buyer

buy-new-appliancesIf you need to set up a new home, replace your old appliances, or buy someone an appliance gift, there are some ways to help you save more money on buying new appliances. The following top 10 ways will make you be a wise shopper and the money you save can be used on other aspects. Plus, if you are limited to a budget, these tips can help your family budget.

1. Consider energy efficient appliances

When you need to buy new appliances, besides considering the buying cost, the operating costs must be also taken into account. Some appliances seem very cheap, but if the operating costs are high, you will pay more in the future. If you take this into account, there will be a big difference in your budget. Saving on operating costs is so important that we should buy Energy Star appliances which are considered as the most energy efficient appliances.

On the market, some appliances are included in energy certification programs like Energy Star, while others are not included. This means some are much more energy efficient than others. You can check the Energy Guide labels to compare their efficiency. For large appliances like dishwashers, washers, refrigerators and air conditioners, if they are CEE Tired certified, this means they are much more energy efficient and can save more energy in the future. Once you have bought one, there are more things you can do to lower your operating costs. For example, you using habits may influence the costs.

2. Avoid Frills but Go for Function

Some frills on some appliances may be essential for your lifestyle. For example, the programmable stetting on a water distiller or a coffee maker seem convenient to use and become an essential in your daily lives. If you are on time-of-use electricity rates, the delay start on your washer can save more money for you. On the other hand, we should say many features on appliances are frills, because you may never want to use them. Therefore, you don’t need to pay for these fluffs and just go for basic function.

These frills influenced prices very much. If you don’t need them, you don’t need to pay for them. If you plan to reduce cost, just choose one which really satisfies your needs without any bell and whistle. Plus, you’d better choose classic colors instead of trendy colors which will be out of fashion very soon. This also can save some money for you.

3. Avoid Expensive Maintenance Costs

For some appliances (like water filters, humidifiers, air cleaners, etc), their buying costs may be not so high, but their operating and maintenance costs can be very high.

For water purifiers or filters, you can choose one with washable or permanent type of filters, which can save you much. Generally, their filters should be replaced every 6 months to 1 year, according to the amount of water you may use every day. However, there is no water purifier that has washable filters, make sure the replacement cartridge filters are affordable. The efficiency should not be sacrificed at the same time. You can choose an affordable reverse osmosis system that needs to be replaced its filters or a Berkey water filter without changing its filters. However, the capacity of your filter is also very important. The one you choose is able to remove the pollutants you plan to get rid of in your water.

If you want to buy an air purifier, the CADR rating is used to measure the efficiency. You can denote the CADR rating on the packaging. If one has this certification, it means it is more efficient than others. Similarly, the efficient certification for air conditioners is the Energy Efficiency Ratio. If you need a vacuum, just choose a bagless model, because each vacuum bag may cost you about $10. This will save you much time, because you don’t need to cost time to find the bags.

When you need to buy a new appliance, you also can consider extended service contracts. They seem not a good deal, but it may save money for you if your appliance needs to be repaired later.

4. Go for Free Shipping or Delivery

The free shipping or delivery service may not be offered for all types of home appliances, but more and more retailers come with free shipping, saving more for you. If you buy large home appliances, this is very important. The freight may be very high. Some local retailers may offer free delivery to your home. You can negotiate the merchants for free delivery. Before buying a new one, you may need to deal with your old one. However, most landfill sites require tipping fees. Therefore, if you can save on the delivery, the bulks you saved can be used to remove the old one. Plus, asking for set-up free can also save you money and time. If you are not a professional, you may need to cost more time to install it or cost more money to hire someone to install it for you.

5. Choose the Right Size

The one you choose should not be oversized. This means overly large sizes or capacities should be avoided, because these appliances are designed for larger areas and not suitable for your home.

Big freezers sit half empty are not good enough and large refrigerators have more capacity that we will not use are not suitable. If we make the capacity empty, we also need to pay for it, which is a waste of energy.

If you choose a humidifier which is designed for a 400 sq. ft. room, it is oversized to your 100 sq. ft. room. An overly sized humidifier doesn’t mean high efficiency and may have many problems. It may cost you more energy and the excess moisture may destroy your other appliances or furniture. Oversized air conditioners are also a waste of energy and money.

Therefore, before making a buying decision, measure the area and choose the right size.

6. Buy Scratch & Dent Appliances

Appliances that have a scratch or dent may be cheaper than the ones without any flaws. Most dealers have these scratch and dent appliances. You can negotiate with them for a lower price. Of course, these products don’t have quality problems and you use it without any problem. If the scratch or dent is minor, it is a good chance to buy. If the scratch or dent is on the back of an appliance, it would be better.

7. Wait for Sale events

More and more home appliances tend to offer more discount during big sales events. For example, if you buy something on Black Friday, you can save more money. Therefore, if you plan to buy appliances and there is just a big sale event, you can wait and get great deals. You also can buy one after its typical season or at the end, because dealers would like to move the stock and may offer a lower price.

8. Avoid Cheap Knock-Offs

Although you may find there are so many appliances which are so cheap, the quality matters. If the quality is low, you need to buy a new one in the nearly future. Therefore, you should avoid these cheap, lower quality knock-offs. On the contrary, choosing dependable and reliable appliances can save you more in the future. If you don’t know which models is the best, you can choose a famous brand and read some customer reviews to know it is good or bad.

9. Buy Multifunction Appliances

Some appliances combine many functions together. If the price is reasonable, choose one and you will find it can save you money and space, because you don’t need to buy more appliances.

10. Choose Outdated Appliances

When newer upgrades are on the market, there are many outdated products at the same time. And dealers will clear inventories by reducing the price. If you don’t care about the upgraded color, design or functions, it is really a good chance for you to save some money.

Several Water Purification System Types

waterfiltrationThere is no way you can ensure hygiene without clean drinking water. It is however unfortunate to note that there are various issues associated with distilled water because water is not safe for purposes of drinking. There are various methods used for water purification where all tend to have varying purities levels. The purification method’s job is removal of parasites and all the other parasites which can contaminate water. The following 4 types of water purification systems are regareded as the most trusted methods.

The Most Trusted Methods Of Water Purification


This is the oldest water purification method. It is one of the methods you can trust will give you high quality water. In the method, one heats water to the point of boiling, causing vapors to rise to condenser. In the condenser, the cooling water reduces boiling temperature so as to ensure that vapor is properly collected and stored well after condensation. The benefit of this water purification method is that it will eliminate many contaminants and can be reused. Its disadvantage is that some contaminants can be carried forward in the process and thus extensive maintenance must be done if purity is to be assured. You can easily use a home water distiller to make distilled water at home.

Ion Exchange

This water purification method works by percolation of water through a sphere shaped resin material. It is given this name ‘Ion Exchnage’ for the reason that there is exchange of ions with replacement ions, fixed to beads. Softening and de-ionization are the two methods of ion exchange. In de-ionization, beads the beads exchange ions with cations or hydroxyl ions. In softening, this is basically pre-treatment which is aimed at reducing water hardness before application of the process of Reverse Osmosis (RO). The process of ion exchange has the advantage in that it dissolves inorganicmaterialseffectively and can regenerate as well. However, it does not work well in getting rid of bacteria, pyrogens and some other hazardous particles from water.

Carbon Filtration

This is a very popular technique which is used for filter treatment of domestic drinking water. This is because it is capable of purifying water by elimination of degrading tastes and odor including chlorine. It’s a fact that activated carbon is very vital in the removal of chemicals and gases from water and is quite effective against various microorganisms. Not all systems of carbon filtering can ideally perform this technique. However, there are some few which can be effective in removal of asbestos, lead, cysts and coliform. The greatest advantage of this water purification technique is its ability of eliminating dissolved organics and chlorine very well. It however has the disadvantage that it can produce carbon fines.

Microporous basic filtration

This is a water purification procedure which involves three major micro porous type filtration, including surface, depth and screen. Screen filters have uniform structure such as sieve. The depth filters are basically matted fibers, which are then compressed to form matrix like structure which can retain particles through adsorption or random entrapment. Generation of surface filters occurs from a wide range different media layers so as to form a matrix. Particles which are bigger than these spaces are filtered then the remainder passes through. This water purification method is suitable to removal of pyrogens and microorganism. However, it has limitations when it comes to dissolve inorganic compounds removal.

APEC Top Tier ROES-50 5-Stage Reverse Osmosis System Review

There is no other system of water contaminant removal which can match this APEC Top Tier ROES-50 5-Stage Reverse Osmosis System. It reduces particles present in water, removes diseases causing pathogens and contaminants and mineral imbalances which may be present in water. In other words, this is an authentic machine.

Built in the United States, based on solid experience of 17 years in production and design of RO systems. It’s the only available technology which can get rid of 99% of all the contaminants in water. This RO (Reverse Osmosis) system removes pharmaceutical products, microorganisms, lead, protozoa, arsenic, bacteria, viruses, heavy metals, excess fluoride, chlorine, chromium and more than other 1000 elements which contaminate water. It makes use of the latest technology of water filtration so as to guarantee healthy and safe drinking water. The system of filtration is problem-free and noise-free.APEC-Top-Tier-ROES-50

Special features

To provide an unlimited supply of crisp tasting, clean and refreshing water which is superior to any other water, APEC Top Tier ROES-50 5-Stage Reverse Osmosis System is a top tier unit, built in the USA and is ultra-safe. It utilizes long lasting premium filters which clean both tap and well water.

This best reverse osmosis system of water filtration comes with WQA (Water Quality Association) certifications by the manufacturer so as to guarantee you noise-free and trouble-free system for dependable, long lasting pure drinking water. The manufacturer has gone even further and offers you offer a 30-day money back guarantee and a limited warranty for one year. As if this is not enough, the manufacturer offers a satisfaction guarantee of one year and lifetime tech support free of charge to the water filtration of the unit, by water specialists certified as such by WQA.

With this system, there are no water leaks. Keeping in line with their high design standards, the manufacturers of the system have equipped it with top notch, original JG Quick Connect fittings which do not need steps or extra lock clips to seal the licks. This feature makes this filtration system very convenient to use and secure.

To ensure that the water which has been filtered does not pick contaminants such as lead after the filtration process, this RO system comes with chrome faucet which is 100% lead free. The system makes use of FDA and NSF certified JD tubing of the food grade so as to ensure delivery of contamination-free and safe pure water. The end result of this quality operational and manufacturing standards is natural tasting, crisp and refreshing water which does not have plastic aftertaste.

This RO system is unbelievably easy to install. Its maintenance is also very simple. It’s designed to be installed only once. The system is fully automated and will not cause you to have worries during its operation. It comes with a complete 5-stage system of water filtration which is made from components of high caliber so as to ensure that not even the tiniest microorganism and particles can pass through. The 5 stage system of filter contaminant offers exceptional rates of contaminant rejection, and ensures reliable and long lasting performance. To avoid water wastage, this RO system comes with automatic, smart design which automatically shuts off when tank is full.

It treats all water types including soft and hard water, well water and tap water. It can treat waters of very high pH levels and variable pressures. Another very notable feature of this system is low maintenance. All that is required of you is to change the three essence pre-filters just once after every period of six months to one year. If you do this, you will always get natural tasting, crisp, refreshing water which is better than bottled water and does not have plastic after taste. This is what APEC Top Tier ROES-50 5-Stage Reverse Osmosis System will give you.


  • Removes dust, particles and rust and more than one thousand other contaminants. It gets rid of over 99% of the water contaminants.
  • This system of water filtration uses long-lasting filters which guarantee clean, unlimited water. It comes with extra filters set in the package.
  • One year satisfaction guarantee is offered to every purchase.
  • Full money back guarantee is offered if you are not satisfied with the product within 30 days.
  • 3 carbon filters are used in the filter so as to remove high hormone levels and pharmaceutical drugs from the water.
  • No electricity is required for this system of filtration to work. It also makes use of water for filtering contaminants and impurities.
  • There is free technical support by the Water Quality Association (WQA) certified technicians for the entire filtration system lifespan.


  • For system to filter water to the best standards, the water needs to have some degree of high pressure.


The APEC Top Tier ROES-50 5-Stage Reverse Osmosis System is a top tier RO system, built in the USA, and offers a 5-stage RO drinking water purification system. In the RO market, it is the best device for water filtration which comes with free, full lifetime support. The system of filtration comes with a quality guarantee, which is indicative of the expert standards apparent in this device.

Watts Premier RO-Pure 531411 4-Stage Reverse Osmosis System Review

With the planet degrading at a very fast rate, there has been compromised on the water bed. The oceans are becoming dumping sites for industries. The boards mandated with duty of providing public with safe and clean water have failed terribly. Although this may be quite alarming to everyone, it’s an opportunity which puts power so as to ensure integrity of the water you drink is your responsibility. To take advantage of this, you must be fully prepared. A Reverse Osmosis system of good quality will suffice but it’s only the best which will ensure that you get the best quality safe and clean water for cooking and drinking. An example of such systems is Watts Premier 4 Stage RO System, which is one of the best RO systems on the market.Watts-Premier-RO-Pure-531411-0

Special Features

Watts-Premier-RO-Pure-531411-1Watts Premier 4 Stage RO System comes with 4-stage system of filtration which ensures all contaminants even the tiniest are eliminated before they in to your drinking water. This system features 5 micron sediment pre- filter which traps rust, silt and dirt. There is also a carbon clock pre-filter which helps decrease unpleasant taste, odors, chlorine and RO system. Together, these four stages are capable of eliminating as much as 99% of the contaminants and in so doing ensure that the water you get is safe and clean.

This RO system also features a semi permeable membrane which helps reduce the number of solids dissolved in water. With capacity of 50 GPD (gallons per day) it is the ideal choice for medium and small families.

For pleasant and great experience, this filter comes with easy and quick to change filter which lasts longer and gives you value for your money. When it comes to time of changing, you need not have experience or expertise in changing filters. The changing can be done by simply pressing a button thus ensuring you continue enjoying safe drinking water with no problems.

Installing this system is very easy and prior knowledge is not required so as to get it working. The effect of this is that you will be able to haveyourdrinking water soon after purchase.

For great finish, Watts Premier 4 Stage RO System also features chrome designer air gap faucet of high quality. This makes it aesthetically pleasing and functional.


  • This system offers various benefits because of its many features which include the following
  • Easy procedure of installation and filters which are easy to change. These guarantee stress free product to the user in which setting up and using is very easy.
  • The unit is affordable, has long lasting affordable filters which offer value for money.
  • There is no doubt that this system produces clean, safe water which is ideal for cooking and drinking.


Although a lot that can be said about Watts Premier 4 Stage RO System, there are some down sides which some users have identified. Among the most notable is the plastic taste which the storage tank leaves in the water. However, this is not something to cause much worry as with time the taste will go away. The best thing is that you are assured of high quality water which will help you avoid most waterborne diseases which can cause you to incur high medical bills.Watts-Premier-RO-Pure-531411-2

iSpring RCC7AK 75GPD 6-Stage Reverse Osmosis System Review

Being one of the most important raw materials one can get, it cannot be disputed that there is need of ensuring that this system does exactly that which it’s supposed to. But there is a problem; with many contaminants which can get into water which you use or drink at your home, ensuring that you are not harmed by the water you use is almost impossible. However, if you get a reliable system of RO filtration, you are in a better position of ensuring that the water you drink is cleaner and safer. Among RO systems which have won the trust of many is iSpring RCC7AK. As one of the best reverse osmosis systems, iSpring RCC7AK 75GPD 6-Stage Reverse Osmosis System can offer you clean and healthy water to consume every day.

Special Features

This system is fully built by one of the leading USA brands, which since 2005 has been in operation.This system ensures top performance and quality all the time and builds trust with those who use it because the products are taken through a rigorous process before their release. In addition to high quality features in iSpring RCC7AK, the users can enjoy operation which is problem free and noise free. You won’t have to deal with the nuisance of constant buzzing or constantly break down. This offers not just an amazing user experience but also doesn’t offer a nuisance and infringement of space the way others do.

This systems comes with 6-stage system of filtration already installed, a factor which ensures that all the silt, rust, dirt and other micro particlesand over 99% of all the micro particles such as taste and chlorine are gotten rid of together with many other contaminants which get in to water which you drink.

ISpring RCC7AK’s even better part is its upgrades which have been available as from July 2014, which among others include ceramic valves, brushed nickels and designer faucets. However, note that these will not be included in your initial purchase. They are an additional investment and they provide unmatched convenience.

Among others, it features membrane square footage which is relatively larger, which is intended to allow for processing of more water. This definitely translates to almost 75 gallons per day instead of the usual 50 gallons per day. Larger membrane means you will get a full tank quickly, and for longer, and there will no longer be worries of running out of water. You will not just be capable of filtering water with RCC7AK, but you will also be capable of replenishing water with vital minerals which are removed during the process of filtration. The meaning of this is that you won’t just get clean water but one which is fortified with minerals which are good for your health.

After purchase, you will be provided with a 30-day money back guarantee if the services of iSpring RCC7AK do not satisfy you. In addition, there is one year satisfaction guarantee which comes with the purchase of this system and equipment support for a lifetime. The installation of this system is very simple but the company has provided YouTube video detailing how to do so you won’t experience any trouble.


  • With so many deep features collection, it is normal to expect equally diverse and deep benefits collection. This is exactly what this system of filtration offers.
  • The system of filtration has no match in performance and quality. The meaning of this is that users get high quality service delivery and experience.
  • It also features one year warranty from the manufacturer and this brings unbeatable reliability and lots of trust with users.
  • Its larger membrane is designed to offer better quality and more productive. This features makes this filtration system ideal for large and medium family since these can be supported easily.


  • Some users have raised displeasure with the frequent breakdown of the valve for automatic water shut off. However, these incidences are isolated and very few.
  • Some other users have also registered displeasure with minerals which are added to water. Of notable importance is that it is only important minerals which are added back to water.


APEC Systems ROES-75 may serve as an alternative to RCC7AK but the latter is costlier. It features 6-stage system of filtration but no mineralization of water happens. If you need system with faster rate of production, a better option is Home Master TMFAC Artesian. This is because this system has double rate of water flow as compared to filters which are longer lasting. The good thing with this one is that it is capable of mineralizing water although it’s costlier and efficient.

Soften Hard Water For Better Laundry Results

hard-water-stainsBased on research by WAQ(Water Quality Association), if your water is very hard, you will need more laundry detergent and higher water temperatures to wash your clothes effectively. This is because most of the detergent is used to soften your hard water. It is estimated that about 50% of laundry detergent can be reduced if you use soft water to wash.

What’s more, the requirement for water temperature is also very low. If the water is soft, you don’t need to use 100 degree F. hot water but 60 degrees F. or even cold water is enough. You’ll find you can get the same result or even much better stain removal and cleaning.

To get detailed results, researchers used different brand detergents and varying levels of hardness in washing machines. It was obvious that more laundry detergent was saved for all levels of hardness. The effect of stain removal was also surprising. The parameters included:

  • The amount of detergent added: from half to the entire amount of recommended levels
  • The hardness levels of water: From none to 30 GPG
  • The water temperatures: 60 degrees F., 80 degrees F., and 100 degrees F.

There is enough evidence to show that softer water can make removing stains much better than using more detergent or increasing water temperature.

If you are interested in this study, click here to read the entire study. In this study, you will also read some good effects of using softened water in dishwasher operation.

Laundry Problems Caused by Hard Water and the Solutions.

hardwaterIf you don’t know how hard your water is, the following laundry symptoms may imply how hard it is. In other words, if these symptoms occur, some solutions must be found, or your clothing will be worn out easily.

Laundry Symptoms Caused by Hard Water

  • Yellowing, graying or dinginess
  • General soil build-up
  • Fabrics feel stiff or harsh.
  • Fibers are easy to be broken and tear.
  • Colored fabrics have gray or white streaks.
  • If you find these symptoms, it means you have hard water.

What is Hard Water?

Hard water is found in 85 percent of America. Hard water is usually defined as having high levels of calcium and magnesium; the greater the concentration of these minerals, the harder the water.

Making It Softer

In hard water, much of the detergent used goes to soften the water instead of to clean the clothes.

If your water is hard, soap will not perform well. This is because most of the detergent is used to soften the water but not used to clean your clothes. This also means, in order to clean your clothes, more detergent is required to use at a higher water temperature. This has 2 drawbacks: costing you more money to buy soap and causing water pollution if phosphate is contained in the detergent.

It is really not a good idea using more detergent to soften water, but we can choose washers that have nonprecipitating ion-exchange water conditioners. This means water will be softened in the washer. You can buy these water conditioners in your local grocery stores. If you find it is not easy to get, you can buy water softeners online, like Here is a list of best water softeners.

Of course, if you want to soften all your water throughout your house, you also can have a water softener system connected to your water supply line. However, if the system is not a salt-free water softener, this means the system mostly uses sodium to replace magnesium and calcium in the water. Therefore, if someone is on a sodium-restricted diet, the water may be not suitable for consumption. And in this situation, consulting your physician is a good idea.

Fixing the Laundry Problems

Well, if there are some problems caused by hard water occurs, in order to remedy them, first, you should add enough hottest water in the washer.

Add one cup of water conditioner and more than 4 times normal amount of detergent in the water. And then make it agitated enough in order to wet the fabric (clothes). The next thing is to wait for about 12 hours to make it soak overnight. And then, make the washer drain and spin. The last thing is to launder. This time, you just use a regular cycle without any water conditioner or detergent needed.

If necessary, you also can repeat using 1 cup of water conditioner until no suds are watched during the rinses. A bleach and 1 cup of water conditioner is needed to use for laundering, so that all dinginess can be removed. Bleach used is safe for your clothes. Don’t worry about it.

What Is Hard Water?

WS-got-hard-waterMany homeowners may have to face a problem: How to deal with hard water? Hard water is really a very common concern for many families. Well, what is hard water and how can it affect our plumbing? If we have a good understanding about these 2 questions, we can know what we can do to deal with it effectively.

What Is Hard Water?

Hard water means water contains a high mineral content. When surface water penetrates into aquifers and becomes ground water. Water absorbs calcium, manganese, as well as other minerals, and then it changes into hard water. How much mineral content dissolved in water determines how hard it is. The tap water we use is not harmful, but there are some problems we have to face.

The hardness level of water is measured in GPG (grains of mineral per gallon). If the GPG is over 3.5, the water is considered as the hard water. And then we need to do something to lower the GPG.

The Problems:

  • If water is hard, there are many problems that will happen:
  • Hard water creates buildup, causing many problems. The buildup of these hardness minerals on clothing, dishes, fixtures or even hair and skin are harmful to themselves over time.
  • Hard water is prone to reacts with cleaning products, making them ineffective. And you may need to use more cleaning products
  • Fixtures and appliances are easily and quickly wore down by hard water and soft water doesn’t have similar problems.

What Does It Do To Plumbing?

Hard-water-scale-in-PipeHard water can create buildup. Well, the buildup on faucets, showers, sinks and tubs are only the tip of the iceberg. These hardness minerals begin to build up inside your water pipes, fixtures and other appliances that need water to run. The inside buildup is not easy to notice and can cause many plumbing problems, like clogs, reduced water flow, as well as increased stress on fixtures and pips. The buildup also makes appliances work less efficiently. Appliances are easy to be worn down in such a hard water environment. Take water heaters for example. If there is a buildup inside the heaters, the buildup is also heated like the water. This can cause uneven heated problems and waste more energy. The uneven heating may cause serious accidents.

In a word, hard water will increase your repair cost.

Testing For Hard Water

In our daily life, we may notice the white scale buildup on our dishes, sinks, as well as other fixtures. It is a good indicator that reminds you of a hard water problem. However, it may be late, because hard water has resulted in some bad results. Therefore, even if you don’t notice these symptoms or you just suspect your water is so hard, it is highly recommended to test for hard water. There is an easy way to test. Firstly, add a small amount of water and dish soap in a closed container. Secondly, shake the container. In the end, check how foamy dish soap gets. These soap bubbles can show you how hard your water is, because minerals in our water will react with the soap.

If you want to know the exact GPG of your water, more testing and research is needed. An easy way is to ask your water provider for a water report that may show some results tested by the provider. If there is not any result from your provider, you need to have a lab or company test water for you. Of course, this may cost you some money. You can send them a sample or request an on-site test. Another easy way is to test it yourself. Firstly, you need to buy some water hardness test strips. And then, you hold one under running water from your faucet. And then, the color of the test strip will change. Match it to a color gauge and you can get how hard your water is.

If you know how hard your water is, you can find the most suitable way to deal with it.

The Solutions

If your water is mild hard, you can choose some water conditioning products which are available on the market, like xxxx. However, the best solution for softening hard water is to install a whole house water softener. If the GPG is over 3.0, a whole house water softener is the best choice. If your water is very hard and have installed an under sink water filter(a ro system), such a whole house water can also protect the semi-membrane of your RO system.

The Basics Of Common Water Filter Technologies

Watts-500315-Counter-Top-Drinking-Water-FilterAre you considering buying a water filter for your home? Tap water contains all kinds of pollutants and fluoride that can be harmful for you and your family members. In such a situation, investing in a good water filter makes a complete sense. It is indeed a very strong point to remove all the impurities from your drinking water.

However, with so many new technologies offered by various brands in the market, it can be a bit difficult to choose the one that suits your budget and requirements in the best possible manner. In most cases, consumers are not even aware if the technology they bought does any good to them.

Since all branded water filters use small number of technologies to provide you with best water filtration system, it is not necessary that each one of them is as good as another. On the other hand, having a good idea about the pros and cons of each technology used will give the advantage of determining the best system in a calculative manner.

Different Types Of Water Filters And Its Benefits

Needles to say, purchasing a water filter for your home can be a bit overwhelming given there are a wide array of products to choose from. In this article, we’ll help you understand the basics between common water filter technologies used in the filtration systems nowadays. It will help you make the right purchasing decision.

Carbon/Activated Carbon

Activated carbons chemically bond with contamination in the water and remove them through the filtration process. Carbon filters are available in many types. Some carbons remove only chlorineand improve the color of water, while others target a wide range of contaminants including lead, volatile organic compounds, asbestos, mercury and so on. They also remove a wide range of inorganic contaminants such as arsenic, nitrate, fluoride and hexavalent chromium. Carbon activated filters are available in two options: Carbon block and Granulated activated carbon.

Ceramic and Mechanical Filters

Ceramic and Mechanical filters, both consist of small holes throughout the material, which works by blocking the contaminants like sediments and cysts. However, the disadvantage of using this type of filtration system is that they do not remove chemical contaminants and thus, are only considered suitable for boiled or chemically treated water.


As the name suggests, this kind of filtration system uses ion exchange process, which removes mineral salts and other electrically charged ions from water. However, the process may not be capable of removing non-ionic components, microorganisms and other volatile organic compounds from water.


This is one of the oldest technologies used in water filters. In this technology, the water is heated up to a certain degree that leads to vaporization. After the vaporization process, the steam is condensed back to water, making it suitable for use. This is a highly effective process to remove minerals, bacteria, chemicals and viruses from water due to its high boiling point. On the down side, it cannot remove volatile organic compounds, chlorine and trihalomethanes.

Ion Exchange

Unlike deionization, this technology passes water over a resin which in turn replaces undesired electrical charged ions with desirable ones. The impact of this process leads to water softening, which replaces magnesium and calcium with sodium.


Ozone is often used in conjunction with other filter technologies for better results. This process basically kills bacteria and microorganisms, but does not have any effect in removing chemical contaminants. This is reason you will always find this technology incorporated with other technologies in all the models that you find.

Reverse Osmosis

In this process, the water is pushed through a semi-permeable membrane which is designed to block particles that are larger than water molecules. Reverse osmosis can effectively remove any kind of contamination, which are subsequently not even removed by activated carbons.

However, quality of the filtration system may vary tremendously in terms of membrane system and carbon filter used in the manufacturing. Moreover, reverse osmosis filters use twenty times more water than other systems.

UV (ultraviolet)

Water filters that use this technology use ultraviolet light to kill bacteria and microorganisms present in the water. However, they fail to remove chemical contaminants and thus, often made in conjunction with other high grade technologies.

So now that you are aware of different and most commonly used technologies in water filters nowadays, choosing the most suitable ones would not be a problem at all. Analyze the functioning of all the technologies and see which one best suits your requirements in general. Since the quality of water is different in every part of the world, choosing the best and most suitable water filter technology will help you get clean and hygienic drinking water.

Water Softener Systems -Definition and Buyting Tips

Pelican-Whole-House-Filter-Salt-Free-Softener-with-UVWhen it comes to soften hard water in our home, a water softener is a must-have in the home. Generally, it is a whole house water softener that can make all the water from our faucet or shower head become soft. On the market, there are plenty of different water softener systems available to select. If you are the first time to choose one, you will find it is so difficult to choose the right one for your needs. Therefore, some background knowledge must be known. In this post, we will discuss 2 main and common types of water softeners systems on the market in order to help you make a right choice.

Types of Water Softener Systems

Ion exchange water softeners

As a well-known type, ion exchange water softeners have been available for a relatively long time. They are very common and popular and there are various models from many different brands. Ion exchange systems use salt, hydrogen or potassium to replace the magnesium and calcium in our water. Considering the cost and the efficiency, these 3 salts are the best.

A typical ion exchange softener has 2 tanks – one is a resin tank and the other is a brine tank. The hard water will pass through its resin bed and the calcium ions, magnesium ions as well as other hardness ions will be exchanged for softness ions like sodium ions or potassium ions. When the resin bed is full of hardness minerals and become saturated, a regeneration cycle will be gone through by the softener system. This process will flush brine solution through the resin bed and the hardness ions will be exchanged with sodium ions. A new process will begin after the hardness minerals are washed down the drain.

After the hard water is treated by the softener system, the water becomes soft and enters our household water supply. Once you open your faucet, you can get soft water. Because of the exchanging process, the water we get contains sodium or potassium. This depends on what type of ions is used. Most water softener systems may use sodium, because it is much easier to get and much cheaper than potassium. However, sodium used as the main exchanging ion has its drawbacks. For example, if someone is taking a low sodium diet, the water may be not suitable for him/her to drink. Furthermore, the use of sodium will make a large amount of salt release into the waste water during the softening process and how to deal with the waste water is also a problem.

Well, on the other hand, using potassium ions is much more environmentally friendly. Plus, there is no health concern.

Besides the type of exchanging ions, the number of the tanks is also needed to take into account. If it is a single tank softener, the system may have down time when it starts a regeneration cycle. Most models are designed to start the generation cycle overnight, because, at night, the needed for soft water is mostly less than during the day. During the regeneration cycle, the water you use will not be softened. Therefore, if you want soft water at any time, you probably need to install a system with several tanks. These multi-tank systems can switch from one tank to another, making the used tank have enough time to regenerate.

Salt Free water softeners

Salt free means there is not any salt used to exchange hardness ions to soften water. Salt-based systems use chemical method, while salt-free systems use the physical method Nano-technology is used in these systems. The use of nano-technology can make the structure of the molecules changed to become non-scale building. The hard water will go through its filtering media. When the molecules pass through the tank, the structure will be changed. The new structure will de-scale your plumbing system, because these new structures of molecules can affect even the existing mineral buildup in fixtures and pips.

It is clear that salt free systems don’t use any chemicals, so there is no concern of having an ion exchange water softener. You don’t need to worry about any chemicals that will be added in our water and there is no waste water produced because of no regeneration cycle. What’s more, the maintenance is also very easy and you don’t need to buy salt as exchanging ions. The water feels comfortable and you don’t feel slippery. If you use a salt-based softener, the water will feel slippery. Furthermore, they don’t need any electricity to power.


It is highly recommend having a salt-free water softener system. However, if you are limited to your budget, you also can purchase an ion exchange water softener instead.